Pump-controlled heart perfusion systems

FOR THE LANGENDORFF EXAMINATION OF SMALL MAMMAL HEARTS WITH WORKING HEART OPTION

Pump-controlled heart perfusion systemPump-controlled heart perfusion system

  

This product line is the latest development of our company, which can be easily placed even in a laboratory with limited place. For the development we used established technical solutions and the experience of the previous years. The systems are made in one- and two-column design (LS-04P, LS-05P) and the Neely-type working heart option (LF-06PN) can be added to any basic setup. The constant pressure and flow rate precision pump is controlled by the amplifier-operated hardware-software unit.

 

  • The device can be used for the isolated heart examination of mice, rats, guinea pigs and rabbits
  • Measured directly by the connection with the heart, the temperature stability of the system is within 0,1oC
  • The easy attachment of the heart is ensured by the special design of the movable heart suspending unit and its cannulas
  • The advantage of pump-control is that constant-flow and constant pressure mode can be attained by the same device
  • The sensors of the pressure meter are directly placed by the heart
  • By default the system includes the Janicki-type balloon working heart option
  • We provide an opportunity for the stimulation of the preparation
  • The system solved the measurement of extra-/intracellular MAP
  • Sizes: width: 800 mm, depth: 600 mm, height: 850mm

  

System

LS-04P one-column and LS-05P two-column Langendorff

Pump-controlled LangendorffPump-controlled Langendorff   Flowchart of LS-04PFlowchart of LS-04P

The flowchart of the LS-04P one-column system illustrates the operating principle, which is identical with the LS-05P two-column system. The advantage of the LS-05P is that two material impacts can be examined on the preparation simultaneously.

  

 

 

Langedorff heart suspending unit and cannula

Available cannula sizesAvailable cannula sizes   Temperature measurementTemperature measurement

Heart suspending unitHeart suspending unit

We tried to develop a heart suspending unit, where the preparation can be placed on cannula quickly and without damage. The end of the cannula is notched, which supports the method of placement and the positioning of the binding thread. Taking the weight into consideration, the cannula is available in the following sizes: Ø4.5, Ø3.0, Ø2.0 and Ø0.9 mm. One of its biggest advantage is that the measuring points and the material administration are directly above the preparation, which makes dead space minimal.

The optimal temperature (within 0,1oC) is provided by the temperature measurement above the preparation and the autonomous liquid circulation above the heart suspending unit. 

 LS-06PN Neely-type working heart option

Flowchart of LS-06PNFlowchart of LS-06PN

Pump-controlled NeelyPump-controlled Neely

The biggest advantage of the new system is that – unlike any other system on the market- no new device is necessary, even if you wish to expand the methodological background with the Neely option.

If you have any pump-controlled Langendorff system (LS-04P, LS-05P) you only need to purchase the Neely option and the heart suspending unit for the methodology. 

Langedorff-Neely heart suspending unit and cannula

Structure of the Neely heart suspending unitStructure of the Neely heart suspending unit

Neely-type heart suspending unitNeely-type heart suspending unit

The Neely option has all the advantages, which we highlighted at the Langendorff heart chamber.

A further advantage is the specially designed arrangement of the cannulas, which allows the simultaneous placement of the cannulas into the aorta and the left atrium. Taking the weight into consideration, the cannulas are available in the following sizes: Ø4.5, Ø3.0, Ø2.0 mm.

Extra-/intracellular MAP measurement, stimulation

Adjustable ball manipulatorAdjustable ball manipulator

The system allows one-point extra-/intracellular MAP measurement and stimulation, built in a 360o adjustable ball manipulator. The manipulator can be organically connected to the system. 

 

Eight-point extracellular MAP measurement

Structure of the sensorStructure of the sensor

Extracellular MAP sensorExtracellular MAP sensor

The eight-point non-invasive measurement is a unique development of our company. The preparation is placed in an organ bath filled with saline soultion, surrounded by the MAP sensor. The sensors detect the MAP signals through the solution, which are detected by a specially designed biological amplifier. 

 

Saline soultion managing taps

Structure of the tapsStructure of the taps

Saline solution managing tapSaline solution managing tap

The taps are essential parts of the system, which lead the saline to the preparation. For this purpose we designed a multi-position, high-quality and long-wearing tap. The essence of the construction is that the material combination of the tap allows appropriate grip surface, gapless sealing, and allows smooth closing/opening movement. Moreover, contrary to other systems’ taps, it does not have two positions (open/close), but it closes continuously. 

Gas-vaporizatio

Method of bubblingMethod of bubbling

Gas vaporizerGas vaporizer

For the appropriate operation of the heart, appropriate quantity and quality carbogen gas is necessary being dissolved in the saline solution. For the necessary dispersion we developed a gas vaporizer and fine tuning device. The gas flowing through the redactor of the bottle, is collected in a windbag, and through a cylindrical clamp – a tube with appropriate wall thickness - the carbogen gas is vaporized into the solution.  

The system

Pump with pump-controllerPump with pump-controller

We deliver the system in a complete setup, which contains all the sensors and amplifiers necessary for pressure measurement and the measurement of MAP signals and the programmable isolator square-wave generator for the stimulation of the preparation.

We provide two measurement station for reliable and easy management:

1. Haemodynamic setup with one-point extra-/intracellular MAP measurement:

Haemodynamic setup with one-point extra-/intracellular MAP measurementHaemodynamic setup with one-point extra-/intracellular MAP measurement

 

  • 2pcs pressure measurer with sensors,
  • 1pc biological amplifier with sensor,
  • 1pc temperature measurer with sensor.

 

 

2. Eight-point extracellular MAP measurement:

Eight-point extracellular MAP measurementEight-point extracellular MAP measurement

 

  • 1pc eight-channel biological amplifier.

 

 

 

We recommend the following softwares for the visualization, storage and analysis of the curves, which represent the measured physiological parameters:

  • SPEL KYMOGRAPH (MDE GmbH),
  • LabChart (AD Instruments),
  • AcqKnowledge (BIOPAC),
  • LabScribe (iWorx).

Specification

 Buffer column
Diameter: 90mm
Height: 540mm
Double-walled, thermostated borosilicate glass vessel
Fixed fluid level adjuster with threaded bottom and glass tube
Adjustable carbonizer with vaporizer
 Buffer drain reservoir
Diameter: 56mm
Height: 160mm
In the thermostating space with two independently built-in spirals
The spiral: with 12 threads, inner diameter 4mm, material: borosilicate glass
 Heart chamber
Diameter: 80mm
Height: 185mm
Material: borosilicate glass
 Taps
1 pc two-way filling tap/buffer column
1 pc three-way drain tap
Material: plexi body with Teflon inlay
Langendorff frame 
The frame stands on a table, the top of which is made of stainless steel
The table top has a low edge drip tray and drain pipe
Size of the table top 800mm x 600mm
Height of the table top (from the ground): 100 mm
Height of the complete frame (from the ground): 1000 mm
Weight of the frame depending on the configuration (without load): ~50 kg

How can it help?

Types of the systems

Systems developed and distributed by our company provide a wide range for in-vitro heart examination. Our systems can be used for experiments on any laboratory animal without significant alterations. Devices developed by our company can be classified the following way:

Based on physical features:

  • Gravitational (classic design),
  • Pump-controlled.

Based on methodological features:

  • Constant pressure and/or flow,
  • Working heart:
  • Janicki-type (balloon),
  • Neely-type (retrograde flow).

Simple theoretical drawing of the deviceSimple theoretical drawing of the device

The essence of the methodology

Before presenting the technical solution and the unique operation of each device, we represent the essence of the methodology with a brief historical overview.

In case of the standard Langendorff heart the coronary circulator system is perfunded. The empty left ventricle contracts, but it does not pump any liquid. The preparation can be easily altered by installing a second perfusion circle, so the left ventricle can perform pressure work. These type of experiments were first documented by Ridler in 1932, and then by Heubner and Mancke in 1935. The detailed description was published by Neely in 1967. The following picture presents a simple theoretical drawing of the device.

This simple solution was schematically resolved by the Bardenheuer and Schrader variation (1983), where they lead a balloon into the left ventricle. They do not measure the isovolumetric pressure, instead it pumps the liquid from the balloon into a closed extracorporeal system. Because of the two non-return valves, the liquid can only flow in one direction.

Bardenheuer and Schrader variationBardenheuer and Schrader variation

Upon every stroke the content of the balloon is squeezed out, which is identical with the stroke volume of the heart. Preload and afterload can be adjusted separately. The flow of the completely separated saline (retrograde in the aorta through the coronaries) is registered quantitatively. In this way the biochemical and biophysical circulation of the system can be separately analyzed. This preparation can be useful to examine the pressure-volume work of the heart and the biochemical parameters of the saline in the coronary (e.g.: O2 consumption, metabolism).

A modified Langendorff (Janicki et al. (1974,) Weber and Janicki (1978)) is used for simple hemodynamic-biophysical observations (e.g.: relations of the ventricle pressure-volume), which is similarly to previous descriptions utilizes balloon and separated circulation to maintain the coronary perfusion and pressure. In this case the pressure meter is connected to the balloon. The volume of the balloon is measured and regulated through reattachable electronics by the sensor.

Advantages of different systems

Gravitational systems (LS-01G, LS-02G, LS-03GN)

The systems are manufactured in one- and two-buffer designs. The constant pressure necessary for the operation of the dissection (mouse, rat, guinea pig or rabbit heart) are provided by the liquid column located in the reservoir. The advantage of the two-column design is that is can be used to examine the effects of the same compound in different doses or the effects of two different compounds successively. The liquid level is ensured by the overflow stub of the reservoir and the pump-controlled recirculation of the liquids leaving the dissection. Density and viscosity are provided by the material-combination of the flow-controlling taps, which make any other sealing-compound unnecessary. The design allows a quick and calibrated correction of wearings resulted from the use of the taps. The warmth of the system (0,1OC) is ensured by a high-flow rate transporting, 20 liters volume thermostat (CWB-02). The positioning of the dissection is provided by an independent mechanism (heart suspension), which is connected to the liquid reservoir through the taps and the spiral heat exchanger. Upon the design of the heart suspender, a primary aspect was that the sensors of the continuously monitored parameters (e.g.: pressure, temperature) should be placed next to the heart.

We can offer two solutions for the examination of the working heart:

  • Janicki-type (balloon), which is contained in the basic system setup,
  • Neely-type (retrograde flow), which can be optionally connected to the Langendorff system.

Pump-controlled systems (LS-04P, LS-05P, LS-06-PN)

The pump-controlled systems have all the positive characteristics that we have mentioned in connection with the gravitational systems. Other advantages over those systems are that they require small space and the same device (pump) can be used for constant pressure and flow. The retrofication of certain components of the gravitational systems resulted in the reduced size of the pump-controlled systems, which increased the stability of liquid-flow, while reducing the consumption of the saline and the examined compound. Pump-controlled systems are easier to repair and clean.

Compact pump-controlled system (LS-07C)

The compact pump-controlled heart-perfusion system is a closed, integrated system, placed in a water-circulation self-thermostated fluid tank. The tank contains two saline holding reservoirs, an organ chamber for the heart dissection and a specially designed, removable heart suspending unit. The water bath solution completely isolates the system from the ambient temperature. The system guarantees a 0,01OC accuracy, which provides an extremely stable environment for the dissection. Another advantage is the removable heart suspending unit, which provides the most optimal suspension solution for laboratory animal hearts. The accuracy is increased by the fact that the measuring points (BP, temperature, etc.) together with the material inlet channel are placed directly by the stump of the organ suspender. With the minimal space requirement, the system is suitable to perform constant pressure and flow, or Janicki-type working heart modes. The quantitative consumption of the saline and the examined agent highly prevails, since shorter internal phases reduce the path of the agent to the examined organ. Further elements (taps, gas vaporizers) have a similar solution to open system. These characteristics make the system completely unique compared to any other systems on the market.

Electrophysiological measurement options

To detect the extra- and intracellular MAP sign, we developed constructions, which can be easily adapted to the systems. The electrodes can be easily connected to the mechanical surface of the systems, even posteriorly, and provide a possibility to arrange surface or intracavitary measurements.

The eight-point non-invasive extracellular MAP measurement is a unique solution, where the heart in the organ chamber is surrounded by saline. The heart is positioned by the specially designed chamber, which eliminates the negative effects of buoyancy.

Further advantage of intra-liquid measurement is that tissue edema can be reduced, since the colloid osmotic pressure is balanced by the hydrostatic pressure of the container. This prolongs the life-expectancy of the dissection. Furthermore chamber extrasystole can be created by pulse impulses, helping the examination of different anti-arrhythmic agent effects.

Available models

You find details by clicking on the product code.

LS-04P One-column isolated heart perfusion system (constant flow/pressure)

Code Name
LF-15 One-column MIDI Langendorff frame, glass tanks and silicone tubing
  Buffer column with tap
  Heart suspending unit with isolated chamber (for details see LF-10-K01 datasheet)
  Precise peristaltic pump with pressure controlling unit
  LVP balloon pressure sensor (Janicki type)
EXP-TH-1 Temperature meter amplifier (1-channel)
SEN-07-12 Temperature meter sensor
  Roller pump
OPTIONAL  
EXP-HG-2 DC bridge amplifier (2-channel) for invasive blood pressure measurements
SEN-02  Invasive blood pressure sensor
EXP-EXT-1 Broadband amplifier (1-channel) for intra-/extracellular MAP measurements
SEN-26 Intracellular MAP sensor with ball-mounted manipulator (360° movement, self-righting)
EXP-EXT-4 Broadband amplifier (4-channel)
SEN-13-0X Extracellular MAP sensor (for details see SEN-13-K01 datasheet)
EXP-ST-01 One-channel non-isolated stimulator (10 / 100V / 50mA) with built-in MCU controlling unit
SEN-12-12 Ball-mounted manipulator (360° movement, self-righting) with platinum stimulating electrode
CWB-02 Circulating water bath (20 litres, 20 l/min delivery speed, ±0,1°C)
LF-10-85 Heart muscle contraction measuring unit: DC bridge amplifier with force transducer (SEN-03-34), mounting structure and one-plane manipulator
  Flow meter with in-line probe
  Balloon for LVP pressure measurement (10pc/pack)
SOFT-01 MDE - SPEL HAEMOSYS Monitoring, measuring and analysing software system with accessories*
ADI-PL ADI Power Lab with LabChart PRO software*
iWorx-LBS iWorx – LabScribe software*
Biopac-Acq BIOPAC - AcqKnowledge*

*You need to purchase only one from the sofwares.

LS-05P Two-column isolated heart perfusion system (constant flow/pressure)

Code Name
LF-16 Two-column MIDI Langendorff frame, glass tanks and silicone tubing
  Buffer column with tap
  Heart suspending unit with isolated chamber (for details see LF-10-K01 datasheet)
  Precise peristaltic pump with pressure controlling unit
  LVP balloon pressure sensor (Janicki type)
EXP-TH-1 Temperature meter amplifier (1-channel)
SEN-07-12 Temperature meter sensor
  Roller pump
OPTIONAL  
EXP-HG-2 DC bridge amplifier (2-channel) for invasive blood pressure measurements
SEN-02  Invasive blood pressure sensor
EXP-EXT-1 Broadband amplifier (1-channel) for intra-/extracellular MAP measurements
SEN-26 Intracellular MAP sensor with ball-mounted manipulator (360° movement, self-righting)
EXP-EXT-4 Broadband amplifier (4-channel)
SEN-13-0X Extracellular MAP sensor (for details see SEN-13-K01 datasheet)
EXP-ST-01 One-channel non-isolated stimulator (10 / 100V / 50mA) with built-in MCU controlling unit
SEN-12-12 Ball-mounted manipulator (360° movement, self-righting) with platinum stimulating electrode
CWB-02 Circulating water bath (20 litres, 20 l/min delivery speed, ±0,1°C)
LF-10-85 Heart muscle contraction measuring unit: DC bridge amplifier with force transducer (SEN-03-34), mounting structure and one-plane manipulator
  Flow meter with in-line probe
  Balloon for LVP pressure measurement (10pc/pack)
SOFT-01 MDE - SPEL HAEMOSYS Monitoring, measuring and analysing software system with accessories*
ADI-PL ADI Power Lab with LabChart PRO software*
iWorx-LBS iWorx – LabScribe software*
Biopac-Acq BIOPAC - AcqKnowledge*

*You need to purchase only one from the sofwares.

LS-06PN Neely-type isolated heart perfusion system

Code Name
LF-25 One-column MIDI Neely frame, glass tanks and silicone tubing
  Buffer column with tap
  Heart suspending unit with isolated chamber (for details see LF-21-K01 datasheet)
  LVP balloon pressure sensor (Neely type)
  Precise peristaltic pump with pressure controlling unit
  Precise peristaltic pump to the Neely branch
EXP-TH-1 Temperature meter amplifier (1-channel)
SEN-07-12 Temperature meter sensor
  Roller pump
OPTIONAL  
EXP-HG-2 DC bridge amplifier (2-channel) for invasive blood pressure measurements
SEN-02  Invasive blood pressure sensor
EXP-EXT-1 Broadband amplifier (1-channel) for intra-/extracellular MAP measurements
SEN-26 Intracellular MAP sensor with ball-mounted manipulator (360° movement, self-righting)
EXP-EXT-4 Broadband amplifier (4-channel)
SEN-13-0X Extracellular MAP sensor (for details see SEN-13-K01 datasheet)
EXP-ST-01 One-channel non-isolated stimulator (10 / 100V / 50mA) with built-in MCU controlling unit
SEN-12-12 Ball-mounted manipulator (360° movement, self-righting) with platinum stimulating electrode
CWB-02 Circulating water bath (20 litres, 20 l/min delivery speed, ±0,1°C)
LF-10-85 Heart muscle contraction measuring unit: DC bridge amplifier with force transducer (SEN-03-34), mounting structure and one-plane manipulator
SOFT-01 MDE - SPEL HAEMOSYS Monitoring, measuring and analysing software system with accessories*
ADI-PL ADI Power Lab with LabChart PRO software*
iWorx-LBS iWorx – LabScribe software*
Biopac-Acq BIOPAC - AcqKnowledge*

*You need to purchase only one from the sofwares.

References

 Year  Author  Title  Source
2000 Szekeres M. Control of the tone of coronary resistance arteries Semmelweis University, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Human Physiology and Clinical Experimental Research
2005 Szenczi O, Kemecsei P, Holthuijsen MF, van Riel NA, van der Vusse GJ, Pacher P, Szabó C, Kollai M, Ligeti L, Ivanics T. Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase regulates myocardial calcium handling in doxorubicin-induced heart failure Biochem Pharmacol. 2005 Mar 1;69(5):725-32. Epub 2005 Jan 12.
2008 Szokodi I, Kerkelä R, Kubin AM, Sármán B, Pikkarainen S, Kónyi A, Horváth IG, Papp L, Tóth M, Skoumal R, Ruskoaho H. Functionally opposing roles of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase in the regulation of cardiac contractility Circulation. 2008 Oct 14;118(16):1651-8. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.758623. Epub 2008 Sep 29.
2009 Kónyi A, Skoumal R, Kubin AM, Füredi G, Perjés A, Farkasfalvi K, Sárszegi Z, Horkay F, Horváth IG, Tóth M, Ruskoaho H, Szokodi I. Prolactin-releasing peptide regulates cardiac contractility Regul Pept. 2010 Jan 8;159(1-3):9-13. doi: 10.1016/j.regpep.2009.07.009.
2010 Kónyi A. Peptidergic regulation of cardiac contractility: role of Prolactin-releasing Peptide and Endothelin-1 University of Pécs, Medical Faculty Heart Institute, Department of Interventional Cardiology, Doctoral School of Medical Sciences
2012  Zivkovic V, Jakovljevic V, Djordjevic D, Vuletic M, Barudzic N, Djuric D. The effects of homocysteine-related compounds on cardiac contractility, coronary flow, and oxidative stress markers in isolated rat heart Mol Cell Biochem. 2012 Nov;370(1-2):59-67. doi: 10.1007/s11010-012-1398-4. Epub 2012 Jul 22.
2013 Khobragade SB, Gupta P, Gurav P, Chaudhari G, Gatne MM, Shingatgeri VM. Assessment of proarrhythmic activity of chloroquine in in vivo and ex vivo rabbit models J Pharmacol Pharmacother. 2013 Apr;4(2):116-24. doi: 10.4103/0976-500X.110892.
2013 Zivkovic V, Jakovljevic V, Pechanova O, Srejovic I, Joksimovic J, Selakovic D, Barudzic N, Djuric DM. Effects of DL-homocysteine thiolactone on cardiac contractility, coronary flow, and oxidative stress markers in the isolated rat heart: the role of different gasotransmitters Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:318471. doi: 10.1155/2013/318471. Epub 2013 Nov 24.
2013 Zivkovic V, Djuric D, Turjacanin-Pantelic D, Marinkovic Z, Stefanovic D, Srejovic I, Jakovljevic V. The effects of cyclooxygenase and nitric oxide synthase inhibition on cardiodynamic parameters and coronary flow in isolated rat hearts Exp Clin Cardiol. 2013 Spring;18(2):e102-10.
2014 Jevdjevic M, Srejovic I, Zivkovic V, Barudzic N, Petkovic A, Bradic J, Djuric D, Jakovljevic V. The effects of Diclofenac and Ibuprofen on heart function and oxidative stress markers in the isolated rat heart Serbian Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research 01/2014; 15(1):11-19.
2014 Rosic M, Parodi O, Jakovljevic V, Colic M, Zivkovic V, Jokovic V, Pantovic S. Glucagon effects on 3H-histamine uptake by the isolated guinea-pig heart during anaphylaxis Biomed Res Int. 2014;2014:782709. doi: 10.1155/2014/782709. Epub 2014 May 11.

Note: experiments were performed with gravitational-type isolated heart perfusion systems.


Media

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